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Dr. Ailton Conde Jussani

University of São Paulo, Brazil

 

Talk Title
Environmental sustainability and urban electric mobility: Considerations on atmospheric pollutants emission

Talk Abstract
 

Vehicles have been driven by an internal combustion engine, usually gasoline or diesel, in which an air / fuel mixture undergoes compression. However, burning in the combustion chamber generates several noxious gases, which they are expelled by the exhaust. It is known that electric motors have higher efficiency levels than fossil fuel vehicles. As far as the viability of the low-carbon automotive industry is concerned, the purely electric car has the battery as its only source of energy, i.e., vehicle emissions equal to zero. The growing use of electric vehicles in the Northern Hemisphere is justified by clean, renewable, sustainable, conscious and shared technologies. However, the participation of the consumer of hybrid and electric vehicles in Brazilian market is discouraged due to economic factors, technological factors, low volume of scale and dependence on unavailable infrastructure. In addition, in a time of economic recession, the reality of a market that consolidates in developed countries is increasingly being put off into the future and puts Brazil increasingly distant from international competitiveness in the automotive industry. In this context, the general objective of the research is to identify scenarios of electric buses introduction in public transportation system and atmospheric pollutants emission levels, that is, CO, NMHC, NOx and PM10 (≤ 10 µm) pollutants emissions affect the population health from São Paulo city in Brazil. In order to make the research feasible a broad theoretical review was developed addressing themes such as, environmental sustainability, public health in cities and vehicle emission. An exploratory research has been developed with the objective of increasing the access and using databases necessary for the evaluation and the proposal for electric vehicles public policies. The research is justified because in Brazil there are few incentives for vehicle acquisition considered green, cleaner and without emissions, which will contribute to environmental sustainability and public health in cities. Thus, first they were estimated CO, NMHC, NOx and PM10 emissions from São Paulo Transportes, the public transportation bus fleet, driven by diesel at urban environment. These estimates were calculated for 14,263 buses in current year. Second, two different scenarios forecast have suggested the gradual EURO III technology replacement by electric vehicles to mitigate the impacts on public health and environment. In the first scenario was suggested that 3,621 buses at structural fleet would leave to emit, in yearly basis, 53.3% NOx and 59.6% PM10. In the second scenario was suggested that 5,946 buses at structural and local fleet would leave to emit 70.2% NOx and 79.2% PM10, besides 50.5% CO and 50.7% NMHC, in yearly basis. Moreover, a broad policies set can be adopted, with more cost or less cost. It is up to Brazil opening space for vehicles that do not produce harmful gases emissions to environment and at same time they improve the life quality from urban population.

Short Biography

Ailton Conde Jussani, PhD received his Post-doctoral degree in Hybrid & Electric Vehicles studies from University of São Paulo and Waseda University visitor. PhD in Business Administration from the University of São Paulo and Master in Business Administration from the University of São Paulo. Executive MBA from the FIA Business School. Degree in Physics from the University of São Paulo and Bachelor of Science in Physics from Pontifical Catholic University of São Paulo. Research Methodology and Project Management Professor at the FIA MBA Program. Engineering Professor at Federal University of ABC. Researcher at Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Committee for SAE BRASIL (CT-VE&H). Link for CV Lattes: lattes.cnpq.br/8241411091939604; and Google Scholar: https://scholar.google.com.br/citations?user=JKw4tl0AAAAJ&hl=en.

 
Talk Keywords
Environmental Sustainability, Public Health, Electric Mobility Technology, Sustainable Innovation, Scenarios Forecasting.
 
Target Audience
Students, Post doctoral, Industry, Doctors and professors
 
Speaker-intro video
TBA
 

The International Conference on Innovative Applied Energy (IAPE’18)