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International Conference on Innovative Applied Energy    

E-Proceedings ISBN: 978-1-912532-05-6

St Cross College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom

  


 

Possibilities and Difficulties in Implementation of Energy Saving Investments with Involvement of Consumers

 


 

András Horkai and Zsófia Balló

Szent István UniversityBudapest, Thököly út 74, Hungary

  

Paper Abstract

Reduction of energy consumption and increase of energy efficiency of our buildings is a crucial task in today's energy centered life. Countries and organizations are developing strategic plans that focus on the goals mentioned above. The European Union developed the 20-20-20 strategy which targets reduction of energy consumption and emission of greenhouse-gases by 20% and increase the ratio of  renewable energy resources to 20% compared to the level of 1990.

Households count for ca. 60% of Hungarian energy consumption of buildings which depends very much on the construction- and energy characteristics. In our previous research we found that buildings renovated in the same way achieve different results in energy saving. Consumer behaviour of tenants is highly important, as infrastructure is only efficient if inhabitants make use of it. There is more and more emphasis on involvement of consumers and their motivation towards energy saving behaviour in investments related to energy saving. Therefore we started to investigate influencing factors. In this paper we analyze socio-demographic and other behavioral characteristics.

Several research papers deal with demografic and attitude factors which influence environmental awareness but these focus mainly on consumer goods. Our research is targeted on environmental awareness and energy consumption of tenants in renovated “panel” buildings. It is important to expand our knowledge on consumer behaviour and attitudes related to energy consumption and energy awareness to be able to develop sensitization programs which support renovation of the energy infrastructure and thus result in high efficiency projects.

Analyzing and evaluating the energy saving investments that are financed by a district heating supplier, we investigate the possibilities and difficulties that arise in case of residential buildings built with industrialized technology (In Hungary so called “panel” buildings.) The study also touches upon Hungary's energy and sustainability strategies and the presentation of the European and Hungarian building stock. 

Our results show a potential in additional energy saving of retrofitted panel buildings laying in consumer behaviour and denotes future reseach fields. 

Paper Keywords
consumer behavior, consumer sensitization, energy awareness, industrialized technology, panel buildings.
Corresponding author Biography
András Horkai is an assistant lecturer in the Institute of Architecture at Szent István University Ybl Miklós Faculty of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Budapest, Hungary, where he has been a faculty member since 2016.

He received his M.Sc. degree in architectural engineering also from Szent István University, where he is a PhD student now. The topic of his research is the change in the energy consumption of residential buildings built with prefabricated reinforced concrete panel technology.

His research interests lie in the area of building energy, sustainable architecture, buildings built with industrialized technology, and connections between energy consumption and occupant behaviour and factors influencing it. He has collaborated with researchers in several other disciplines, for example economy, sociology.

The International Conference on Innovative Applied Energy (IAPE’18)